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Author: Συμεωνίδου, Ελένη
Title: The LGBTQI+ community in the Greek legal order. Development of the legal protection provided by the Greek laws. Harmonization of the national legislation with the European legislation (Council of Europe and European Union)
Date Issued: 2024
Department: Διατμηματικό Πρόγραμμα Μεταπτυχιακών Σπουδών στα Ανθρώπινα Δικαιώματα και Μεταναστευτικές Σπουδές
Supervisor: Τσιτσελίκης, Κωνσταντίνος
Abstract: This thesis will investigate the position of LGBTQI+ individuals inside the Greek legal system as well as the rights that are safeguarded by Greek legislation. The LGBTQI+ community has made significant strides in terms of legal protection over the course of several decades, as evidenced by the most recent legislative developments. By doing bibliographical research, the purpose of this study is to shed light not only on the current legislative changes and regulations that have been established, but also on the instances of violations committed against the LGBTQI+ population. There is no question that individuals are subjected to discrimination on the basis of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. Furthermore, those who do not adhere to the gender standards and the gender binary are frequently rejected by their respective states. The Council of Europe and the European Union are often regarded as the most progressive and effective international organizations in terms of the protection of human rights and the inclusion of marginalized groups. Greece is a member state of both of these organizations. The supremacy of these international treaties over the national legislation cannot be overstated. In the first two sections of this research paper these two regional systems will be examined, the European Union and the Council of Europe; It will present the main human rights enforcement mechanisms, institutions, and conventions related to LGBTQI+ rights and critically examine how the organizations implement the community’s protection and sanction violations through relevant, exemplary case law. As a result, in the third section, there is a comprehensive investigation into whether or not the holders of Greek state rights comply with European law (EU Treaties, Regulations, Directives, and Decisions, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU), as well as the legislation of the Council of Europe (European Convention on Human Rights and Decisions of the European Court of Human Rights). Through this investigation, we are able to determine that although there are advancements in the realm of human rights for the LGBTQI+ community, exemplified by the recent enactment of the Law No 5089/2024 on the Equality in Civil Marriage, there are still many incidents of homophobia and transphobia, often overlooked and underreported.
Keywords: LGBTQI+ rights
Human Rights Law
European Union
Council of Europe
Greek legislative developments
Information: Διπλωματική εργασία--Πανεπιστήμιο Μακεδονίας, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2024.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Διεθνές
Appears in Collections:ΔΠΜΣ στα Ανθρώπινα Δικαιώματα και Μεταναστευτικές Σπουδές (Μ)

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