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Author: Καπνίδου, Ηλιάνα
Title: Securing borders or refugee lives? Securitization perspectives vis-à-vis the rights of refugees in Greece and the EU
Date Issued: 2023
Department: Διατμηματικό Πρόγραμμα Μεταπτυχιακών Σπουδών στα Ανθρώπινα Δικαιώματα και Μεταναστευτικές Σπουδές
Supervisor: Τσιτσελίκης, Κωνσταντίνος
Abstract: This thesis explores the responses of Greece and the European Union to the increase of refugee arrivals based on the theory of securitization. The case of Greek politics is studied in conjunction with EU policies and decision-making, as the first operates within the legal and institutional framework of the latter. Although, the migration-security nexus has been widely researched by scholars, in the present thesis I applied a comprehensive analysis of the policies that were promoted in the time period from 2015 to 2022 focusing on the legislative and political actions as well as discourses. These years were marked by contentious politics that beggared human rights and strengthened the security rationale by shifting the need for refugee protection to the protection of the state(s). A combined methodology of desk research based on speech acts and case study assisted this research in looking into the following two research questions: (1) ‘Has migration in Greece, as an integral member-state of the EU with regard to refugee management, been securitized, since 2015 onwards, and (2) ‘What means were promoted for the application of securitization policies’. Upon the analysis of the main responses in national and the EU level, the results of this study illustrate that both opted for solutions that emphasized the framing of refugees as security threats. The means that were preferred were supported by security-related concerns that were ingrained in the EU-Turkey deal, the relevant directives and regulations as well as the ad hoc relocation plans and were based on securitizing the refugee issue. In the case of Greece, the already implanted inefficiencies in reception and asylum further narrowed down the legal category of refugee and eventually the breaches in refoulement and criminalization of solidarity led to shrinkage of rights and furthering of governmental control on border security.
Keywords: Securitization
Human rights
Information: Διπλωματική εργασία--Πανεπιστήμιο Μακεδονίας, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2023.
Rights: Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Διεθνές
Appears in Collections:ΔΠΜΣ στα Ανθρώπινα Δικαιώματα και Μεταναστευτικές Σπουδές (Μ)

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