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|The protection of sgbv victims: a study on women refugees based in camps in Greece
|International Public Administration (Διεθνής Δημόσια Διοίκηση)
|Greece is one of the countries affected the most from the crisis and received sharp criticism in its ability to respond to humanitarian needs of refugees, providing asylum reception facilities of minimum or inhuman standards that could not address SGBV. Aim: the focus of the present study lies mostly on the incidence of SGBV in relation to accommodation conditions, putting the emphasis on the investigation of possible violations of International Law. Methodology: a field case study based on mixed retrospective research was carried out in Northern Greece (Thessaloniki and Veroia). Structured Interview and close-ended questionnaires were used for receiving data. Sample: Respondents included 58 (31.86%) women from a total number of 182 female residents of the two camps, aged between 16 and 59 years, coming from different parts of Asia (Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq, Iran and Palestine). Results: similar data were found in the two camps regarding the incidence of SGBV (high), the place where the reported violence occurred (in the vast majority survivor’s own house), and the alleged perpetrators (principally members of the family). On the other hand, differences were detected solely in terms of the number and types of violence. However, this ratio of differences and similarities was not anticipated, based on the assumption that the camps’ structure and characteristics are considered as risk or protective factors for the incidence of SGBV in refugee population. In terms of possible violations, after juxtaposing the mechanisms and procedures followed in Diavata site with the relevant legislation, no direct violations were found under international, regional or state law. On the contrary, in Agia Varvara site three violations were identified in relation to SGBV, namely the lack of Women Safe Space, separate well-lit bathrooms for women, and guarding and patrolling which could be seen as violations of Law 4531/2018.
|Διπλωματική εργασία--Πανεπιστήμιο Μακεδονίας, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2021.
|Αναφορά Δημιουργού 4.0 Διεθνές
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|International Public Administration (Μ)
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