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Author: Κορωναίου, Κωνσταντίνα
Koronaiou, Konstantina
Title: Tax as public health policy: a questionnaire analysis for soft drinks.
Date Issued: 2014
Department: Διατμηματικό Πρόγραμμα Μεταπτυχιακών Σπουδών στην Οικονομική Επιστήμη
Supervisor: Δεληπάλλα, Σοφία
Delipalla, Sofia
Abstract: According to Eurostat, the weight problems and obesity are increasing at a serious rate as more than half of the EU population is overweight or obese. Greece is one of the countries with the highest percentage of overweight and obese people as it is fifth in both men and women among the Member States of the European Union and second in Greek adolescents after USA. One way to combat obesity is the taxation of soft drinks because, as research has shown, soft drinks are directly related to the increase in body weight which in its turn causes other diseases. Statistics show that after 2009, soft drinks’ consumption decreases but this reduction is justified as, because of the financial crises, there was a reduction in incomes. But, soft drinks’ taxation is still a good idea because with the increase in soft drinks’ prices though taxation, soft drinks’ consumption is expected to be reduced more. (because they do not have nutrients and contain many calories.) The most appropriate tax for this purpose is seems to be the excise tax as it less affected by companies’ strategies in discounts thus it can raise more stable revenues and it is easier in revenue collection because of the small number of soft drinks’ companies. The revenue from the tax should be invested in such a way as to help reduce obesity and not for unrelated purposes. For instance, government could fund health-promoting programs, such as media campaigns in order to inform the public about the hazards of unhealthy goods and to promote a healthier lifestyle or help people with low or middle-income to receive better qualitative foods. To find out if such a tax could be effective, we examined the behavior of the Greek population through a questionnaire analysis. More specifically, we asked them questions about soft drinks, obesity and the case of a tax on soft drinks.The majority of respondents believe that frequent consumption of soft drinks increases the probability of someone to become overweight or obese and that it may cause addiction to them. Moreover there is a nearly unanimous agreement that obesity is a serious problem generally in Greece and in Greek youths too and that government is not doing enough to fight obesity. About the tax on soft drinks, most of respondents believe that a tax of 10, 5 or 2 cents per 330 ml will not change their soft drinks consumption but they support a tax on soft drinks and mostly the largest one. For those who are against the tax, the main reason is that they believe that it is not an effective measure and that government would not invest the tax’s revenue with the most appropriate way.
Keywords: Soft drinks
Information: Διπλωματική εργασία--Πανεπιστήμιο Μακεδονίας, Θεσσαλονίκη, 2014.
Appears in Collections:ΔΠΜΣ Οικονομική Επιστήμη (M)

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